By Griff Witte.The Washington Post. Dec 16, 2012
Egypt’s main opposition bloc on Sunday alleged widespread fraud and called for mass protests after preliminary results showed supporters of a controversial draft constitution winning a solid majority in the first round of balloting.
The call had the potential to throw Egypt back into disarray after several days of relative calm that included orderly voting by some eight million citizens on Saturday. Preliminary tallies by the Muslim Brotherhood and state media showed that 57 percent of voters backed the constitution, with a second round of voting still to come.
Many of those who voted for the charter said they were doing so to restore stability after nearly two years of tumult for the country that began with a successful push to oust former president Hosni Mubarak.
Rather than boycott the referendum, opposition leaders tell supporters to cast ballots against the draft charter.
Decision made after Islamist supporters of President Mohamed Morsi swarmed the court.
The unofficial results of the first round reflected a narrower-than-expected victory for the charter, which was strongly backed by President Mohamed Morsi and his allies in the Muslim Brotherhood. Wider margins are forecast this coming Saturday during the second and final round of balloting, when voting shifts to smaller cities and more rural areas where Islamists have a clear edge.
“The Egyptian people have expressed their free will,” the Brotherhood’s political arm said in a statement. The group’s early vote tallies have proved accurate in past elections.
But opposition leaders quickly disputed the unofficial results, claiming that the referendum had actually been voted down by wide margins in the major cities of Cairo and Alexandria. Rights groups, meanwhile, said that the voting was inadequately monitored, and that some people had been prevented from casting their ballots. They called for a rerun of the referendum.
With Morsi staking his young government on the new charter, that was considered highly unlikely. In the weeks before the referendum, Morsi gave himself extraordinary powers as he maneuvered to bring the constitution to a vote. Resulting street clashes left at least 10 people dead and hundreds injured.
While much of Egypt was calm on Saturday during the vote, the unrest resumed overnight Saturday, with the liberal Wafd party claiming that its offices had been attacked by a group of hardline Islamists known as Salafists.
“The referendum has passed, but it doesn’t mean the end of the divide in this country,” said Gamal Soltan, a political science professor at the American University of Cairo. “The opposition may be demoralized in the short term, but the reasons for the anger are still there